What is uterine adenomyosis?

What is uterine adenomyosis.jpg 

Uterine adenomyosis is one type of endometrial diseases. The endometrium located in the uterus may move to intramural area and then form the limited or diffused masses due to abortion surgery or intrauterine operation. Adenomyosis can be discovered by B-mode ultrasound examination. Patients with this disease may be found with symptoms such as pain during periods and infertility, etc. The incidence rate of adenomyosis is around 10%, which may occur often in women aging 25 to 45 years old, showing a tendency in younger ages.

Uterine adenomyosis is mainly caused by monthly endometrial congestion and swelling induced by menstruation. Duringpregnancy, no menstruation flow happens and congested endometrium shrinks gradually, that is the reason why pregnant patients with uterine adenomyosis can alleviate their symptoms. However, uterine fibroids are caused by hormone; therefore fibroids will grow faster during pregnancy  because of progesterone.

There are some differences between uterine fibroids and uterine adenomyosis.As to uterine fibroids, no obvious symptom found of small sized one in early periods. Besides, fibroids in different types, sizes and locations may cause different symptoms. The main clinical symptoms caused by uterine fibroids are increased menstruation flow, pro-longed periods and irregular vaginal bleeding. Dysmenorrhea won’t be found until accompanied by endometriosis uterine.The main symptoms of uterine adenomyosis are dysmenorrhea and menstrual disorder. The secondary dysmenorrheal is the most common. Often a part of patients with uterine adenomyosis are found dyspareunia. Menstrual disorder manifested as increased menstruation flow, pro-longed periods and polymenorrhea.

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